Need for Decentralization: An Analysis of Organization Structure

Author : J.S. Deepak

The structure defines the network of reporting relationships in an organization. The greater the number of hierarchical layers in an organization, the greater the complexity in reporting relationships. This complexity is compounded by the centralized control systems.

The health and family welfare organization in UP, a simple and less differentiated organization to begin with, has grown in complexity with the addition of more programmes and more elements to the existing programmes. There are six clearly defined levels in the organization: the Secretariat, Directorate, Division, District, Block, and subcentre. At each level, health personnel with different ranks, job functions, and responsibilities perform tasks that contribute to the achievement of programme objectives.

This paper examines each of the hierarchical level, discusses the various line and staff relationships, the respective roles and proposes several recommendations that would enable the organization structure to facilitate efficient and effective management of service delivery rather than hamper the same.

Presented / Published

Paper presented at a workshop on Population Policy for Uttar Pradesh : Identification of Issues, March 2-4, 2000 Lucknow

Key Words: Decentralization, Organization Structure, Uttar Pradesh